Effective today, July 1, 2015, all Massachusetts employees enjoy guaranteed sick leave benefits. The law that was approved by voter referendum last November mandates that every employee receive one hour of accrued sick leave for every 30 hours of work. The leave can be used for a variety of purposes — including worker or family illness, medical appointments, and dealing with domestic violence — and must be paid by employers with 11 workers or more. It is enforced by the Massachusetts Attorney General, which recently issued final regulations, a mandatory workplace poster, and a draft policy for employers to implement. Those materials can be found on the AG’s website at www.mass.gov.
Employers who have not implemented written policies that comply with the statute should do so promptly. The law was incorporated as a new section of the Massachusetts Wage Act, which provides substantial penalties for violations. It is illegal to refuse to provide sick leave, to require documentation under most circumstances, or to punish workers for using it. Employees can use leave in increments as small as one hour at a time. Though they are prohibited from abusing leave, employers should move cautiously before disciplining employees for improper sick leave usage.