Massachusetts Attorney General Collects Pay Disparity Data from Employers

In apparent anticipation of proposed changes the state legislature is now considering making to the Massachusetts Equal Pay Act – or, perhaps, in an effort to help determine whether and what changes may make sense – the Massachusetts Attorney General is reportedly using its general records inspection authority to demand a wide range of new employee data.

A recent article by Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly reports that the requests differ from those normally sent by the AG. They seek more demographic data and job details with an apparent focus on whether pay disparities based on gender and/or race exist. The requests ask for information such as employee names, genders, ethnicities, job titles, pay, and job descriptions.

The AG has general authority to seek certain payroll and related information from Massachusetts employers. It typically does so as parts of audits or investigations that may be initiated by specific employee complaints about pay practices. Employers from whom such information is sought are generally required by statute to provide it, and it therefore behooves them to ensure that the full and complete records required by law are properly maintained. Penalties and other damages can flow from failures to do so.